Kinds of noun

kinds of noun

       kinds of the noun (नाउन के प्रकार ) 

Table of Contents

(a)   Countable noun: which can be counted(नाउन जिन्हे गिना जा सकता है।)

  1.   Proper noun
  2.   Common noun
  3.   Collective noun

(b)  Uncountable noun:  which cannot be counted(नाउन जिन्हे गिना नहीं जा सकता है।)

  1. material noun
  2. abstract noun

1.  Proper noun(व्यक्तिवाचक संज्ञा ):  

The word which denotes a  proper person, place, Creature, thing, called a Proper noun.

person⇒     Creature⇒  Ram, Shyam, Tommy, etc.

place⇒        Agar, Dehli, Kolkata.

thing⇒        fan, book, Gita,

2.  Common noun(जातिवाचक संज्ञा ): Kinds of noun

The word which denotes a  Common person, place, Creature, thing, called a Common noun.

person ⇒ Boy, man, woman, dog, girl

place ⇒ Village, town, school,

Thing ⇒ Book Table, pen

3.   Collective noun:(समूहवाचक संज्ञा)

the word which denotes a group of person or other creature,  place, and things

group of person   

  1.   A team of  players                      
  2.  A class of students
  3.  An army of soldier

Collection of things 

  1.  A fleet of ships
  2.  A bunch of flowers
  3.   A library of books 

Some important collective noun

a team of players

a tribe of natives

a troop of scouts

a bunch of crocks

a caravan of gypsies

a choir of singers

a class of students

a zoo of wild animals

a crowd of people

an anthology of poems

a horde of savages

a bale of cotton

a basket of fruit

a batch of bread

a galaxy of stars

a group of islands

a fleet of ships

a forest of trees

a hail of bullets

a hand of bananas

a harvest of wheat

a heap of rubbish

a hedge of bushes

a library of books

an outfit of clothes

read for more

collective नाउन  list

4. material noun:(पदार्थवाचक संज्ञा) which denotes material.

Gold सोना, Silver चांदी, Copper ताम्बा, Wood लकड़ी, Stone पत्थर etc.

5.   abstract noun:(भाववाचक संज्ञा)the noun which denotes the quality, condition and actions.

Honesty ईमानदारी, love प्यार, Thinking सोच, Feelings भावनाये,Childhood बचपन,

kinds of number

singular and pluralnumber(एक वचन संज्ञा और बहुवचन संज्ञा )

Rule 1:In general “s” is used at the end of singular to make it plural.


Singular Plural
Pencil Pencils
Cow Cows
House Houses
Dog Dogs
Mobile Mobiles
Rule 2: If there exist s, sh, ch, x, and z in the end, “es” gets to be used.


Singular Plural
Bus Buses
Dish Dishes
Branch Branches
Fox Foxes
Fez Fezes

when there’s a “y” in the end and a Consonant before that “y”, “i” substitutes it and an “es” thereafter.


Singular Plural
Story Stories
Hobby Hobbies
Army Armies
Fly Flies
Baby Babies

rule4: but if there’s a vowel ahead of that “y”, no need to change it, only “s” to add make plural.

Singular Plural
Donkey Donkeys
Toy Toys
Day Days
Joy Joys
Play Plays
Rule 5: “v” replaces f or fe and then adds an “es” to finish it.


Singular Plural
thief Thieves
Wife Wives
Knife Knives
Wolf Wolves
Leaf Leaves

Rule6: “es” to be added if the noun is finished by “o” and consonant places ahead.


singular Plural
Hero Heroes
Mango Mangoes
Zero Zeroes
Potato Potatoes
Echo Echoes

Rule7: but when there’s a vowel before that “o”, only “s” is enough.


Singular Plural
Cuckoo Cuckoos
Bamboo Bamboos
Studio Studios
Portfolio Portfolios
Cameo Cameos

Rule 8:Some requires changing the middle vowel of the word to make it plural.


Singular Plural
Man Men
Woman Women
Foot Feet
Mouse Mice
Tooth Teeth

Rule 9:Some require
en, ren, and ne
to add at last to make plural.


Singular plural
Ox Oxen
Child Children
Brother Brethren (brothers also correct)
Cow Kine (cows also correct)
Sister Sistren (sisters also correct)

Rule  10: If a compound noun contains several words,  “s” comes to join with the main part of that noun.


Singular Plural
Brother-in-law Brothers-in-law
Passers-by Passers-by
Step-brother Step-brothers
Commander-in-chief Commanders-in-chief
Maid-servant Maid-servants

Rule 11:Some singular nouns have no plural form, only used in the singular.



Rule 12:Though some nouns seem singular, actually, they are plural.


Rule 13:Similarly, some nouns seem plural though they are singular.


Rule 14:Some have the same singular and plural form.




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