Articles A An The

Articles A An The

                Articles A, An, The(Determiners)

Table of Contents

The English language has two types of articles: the and a/anThe is used to refer to specific or particular nouns, and a/an is used to modify non-specific or non-particular nouns. We call the definite article and a/an the indefinite article. Articles A An The

English to Hindi translation story

1.   definite article⇒ The का प्रयोग किसी noun की position को definite और certain  बनाने के लिए किया जाता है।

  • The house in which I live is new.
  • this is the pen which I have bought.
  • The gold of Nepal is cheap.

2.  indefinite article⇒ A and An का प्रयोग किसी noun की position को indefinite और uncertain  बनाने के लिए किया जाता है।

  • He saw an old man.
  • there was a king.
  • A dog was barking at night.

Use of A/An ⇒        Articles A An The

A/ Anकिसी भी word के पहले A /An का प्रयोग करने के पहले हमे यह जनंना आवश्यक हे की उस word का first letter कोनसा है ,तथा first letter का first sound क्या है? अगर हम first letter तथा first sound को जाने बगैर A /An का प्रयोग करते हे तो गलती होने की संभावना बाद जाती हे।

Use of A⇒

1.    अगर किसी word का first letter consonant हे ,तथा first sound भी  consonant हे तो हम article A का प्रयोग करेंगे।

Examples:-  a cat,    a bat,      a bench,      a fan,   a dog,

2.  .अगर किसी word का first letter Vowelहे ,तथा first sound ,consonant हे तो हम article A का प्रयोग करेंगे।


  • A union
  • A university
  • A uniform
  • a utensil
  • A useful cow
  • A one wat ticket

Use of An⇒ 

1.अगर किसी word का first letter consonant हे ,तथा first sound vowel हे तो हम article An का प्रयोग करेंगे।


  • An honest person
  • An heir
  • An M.L.A.
  • An N.C.C. boy
  • An hour
  • An X-mas tree

2.  अगर किसी word का first letter vowel हे ,तथा first sound भी  vowel हे तो हम article An का प्रयोग करेंगे।


  • An umbrella
  • an ugly woman
  • An Indian
  • An ox,   An Axe
  • An exercise

Some more uses of A/ An

1.   A/An का  प्रयोग कुछ खास phrases में भी किया जाता हे।

  • A team of
  • A crowd of
  • A pair of
  • A flock of
  • a gang of
  • a group of
  • A herd of

2.    A का प्रयोग number and quantity का बोध करने के लिए भी किया जाता हे।

  • A lot of
  • a great deal of
  • A number of
  • a large number of
  • A good many of

3.   A/An का  प्रयोग one (एक ) के अर्थ में भी किया जाता हे।

  • Divyansh has a dog           ( A=एक )
  • Ram has an apple              ( An=एक )
  • A king Had Three sons     ( A=एक )

No use of A/An    Articles A An The

1.   A/An का use proper noun के पहले नहीं होता हे।


  • We live in Bihar.     (Χ)
  • We live in Bihar.       (√)
  • A Nilu is a naughty girl.  (Χ)
  • Nilu is a naughty girl.      (√)

2.   A/An का use uncountable noun के पहले नहीं होता हे।


  • a gold     (Χ)                   gold(√)
  • A water (Χ)                    water(√)
  • A silver    (Χ)                 silver (√)
  • A copper  (Χ)                 copper(√)
  • An oil    (Χ)                      oil  (√)
  • A paper   (Χ)                   paper (√)
  • A butter   (Χ)                  butter(√)
  • A tea      (Χ)                     tea(√) 
  • A music   (Χ)                  music(√)

3.      A/An का use plural noun के पहले नहीं होता हे।


  • A children  (Χ)       children(√)
  • An oxen(Χ)             oxen(√)
  • A boys(Χ)                 boys(√)
  • A people(Χ)             people(√)
  • A brothers(Χ)          brothers(√)

4.   A/An का use kind of, sort of, type of, variety of,के बाद प्रयुक्त noun के पहले नहीं होता हे।

  • kind of a dress.  (Χ)              kind of dress. (√)
  • type of a book.  (Χ)              type of book. (√)
  • sort of radio.      (Χ)             .sort of radio. (√)
  • variety of a sheep.  (Χ)         variety of sheep. (√)

Articles A An The

5.   A/An का use food items के पहले नहीं होता हे| 

  • give a breakfast. (Χ)           give breakfast. (√)
  • give a lunch. (Χ)                  give lunch. (√)
  • give a dinner. (Χ)                give dinner. (√)
  • have a breakfast. (Χ)          have breakfast. (√)
  • have a dinner.  (Χ)              have dinner. (√)
  • have a lunch.    (Χ)             have lunch. (√)
  • after a tea.      (Χ)                after tea. (√)


1.     The का use पर्वत श्रेणियों (series of mountains ) के पहले होता हे। 

  • the Himalaya
  • The Alps
  • The Vindhyas

but do not use before peaks of mountains(पर्वत चोटिया )

  • The Mount Everest. (Χ)         Mount Everest (√)
  • The Mount Abu. (Χ)               Mount Abu(√)
  • The Nanda Devi   (Χ)              Nanda Devi(√)

2.      Before Rivers’ names.

  • The Ganga.
  • The Yamuna
  • The Kaveri
  • The Godavari
  • The Nile
  • The Amazon
  • The Koshi

3.       Before seas(सागरों ), oceans (महासागरों ),bay/gulf(खाड़ी ) के नाम के पहले भी The का use किया जाता हे। 

  • The pacific ocean
  • The Indian ocean
  • The Arctic ocean
  • The Antarctic ocean
  • The Red sea
  • The Dead sea
  • The black sea
  • The Bay of Bengal
  • The Gulf of Mexico
  • The Gulf of Guyana
  • The Bay of Marta van

4.         Before groups of islands.द्वीप समूहों 

  • TheAndmans
  • The Nicobars
  • The Philippines
  • The West Indians

5.            Before canals nameनहर, airplanes nameहवाईजहाज, ships जहाज name, trains nameरेलगाड़ी

  • The Suez canal
  • The Panama canal
  • The Soo canal
  • The Rajdhani express
  • The Panjab mail
  • The  Queen marry

6 .        Before Religious books धार्मिक ग्रन्थ के नाम के पहले। 

  • The Gita 
  • The Mahabharata
  • The Ramayan
  • The Quran
  • The Bible

7.     Before Directions name   दिशाओ के नाम के पहले 

  • The east
  • The West
  • The north
  • The south

8.       before Religious communityधार्मिक समुदायों के नाम के पहले 

  • The Hindu
  • The Muslim
  • The Sikhs      Articles A An The
  • The jews
Some other uses of the

9 .     Before Historical Empire (ऐतिहासिक स्रामाज्य ), Historical caste (ऐतिहासिक जाती )  Historical Place (ऐतिहासिक स्थान )  Historical dynasty (ऐतिहासिक वंस ) Historical buildings (ऐतिहासिक इमारत )  Historical event (ऐतिहासिक घटना )  Historical period /age (ऐतिहासिक काल ) के नाम के पहले भी हम Article The का use करते हे।

Historical Empire (ऐतिहासिक स्रामाज्य )

  • The Roman Empire
  • The Gupta Empire
  • The Kushan Empire
  • The Mughal Empire
  • The Shake Empire

Historical caste (ऐतिहासिक जाती )

  • The Negroes
  • The Aryans
  • The Pigmies
  • The Red Indians

Historical Place (ऐतिहासिक स्थान )

  • The Gandhi Maidan
  • The Kaba
  • The Panipat
  • The white house

Historical dynasty (ऐतिहासिक वंस )

  • The Tudor dynasty
  • The Slave dynasty
  • The Chola dynasty
  • The Yadav dynasty
  • The Pal dynasty

Historical buildings (ऐतिहासिक इमारत ) 

  • The Tajmahal
  • The Qutub Minar
  • The Red Fort
  • The  Jama Masjid

Historical event (ऐतिहासिक घटना )

  • The Battle of Panipat
  • The Civil War
  • The French Revolution

Must Read

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