Parts of speech in English

Parts of speech in English

       Parts of speech in English and its types

Table of Contents

Parts of speech in English:- Parts of speech are the classification of words categorized by their roles and functions within the structure of the language.

The eight Parts of speech (शब्द भेद )in English

  • Noun- संज्ञा
  • Pronoun – सर्वनाम
  • Verb – क्रिया
  • Adjective – विशेषण
  • Adverb – क्रिया विशेषण
  • Preposition –अव्यय
  • Conjunction – संयोजक
  • Interjection – विषमेधिबोधक

noun:-  Parts of speech in English

A noun is the name of any person, place, thing’s quality condition, and actions.

kinds of noun:-

Countable Noun.

Non-countable Noun.

  • Proper Noun.
  • Common Noun.
  • Abstract Noun.
  • Concrete Noun/material noun
  • Collective Noun.
  1.  pronoun:-  Parts of speech in English

A pronoun is a word that is used in place of a noun.

Common types of pronouns

  • Personal pronouns. Personal pronouns take the place of people or things. …
  • Possessive pronouns.
  • Relative pronouns.
  • Reflexive pronouns.
  • Intensive pronouns.
  • Indefinite pronouns.
  • Demonstrative pronouns.
  • Interrogative pronouns.
  1.  Verb – क्रिया:-Parts of speech in English

A verb is a word or a combination of words that indicates action or a state of being or condition. A verb is the part of a sentence that tells us what the subject performs. Verbs are the hearts of English sentences.

Different Types of Verbs

  1.  Adjective – विशेषण:-

An adjective describes or modifies nouns and pronouns in a sentence. It normally indicates quality, size, shape, duration, feelings, contents, and more about a noun or pronoun.

Types of Adjective

  • Descriptive Adjectives
  • Quantitative Adjectives
  • Proper Adjectives
  • Demonstrative Adjectives
  • Possessive Adjectives
  • Interrogative Adjectives
  • Indefinite Adjectives
  • Articles
  • Compound Adjectives

  1.    Adverb – क्रिया विशेषण:- 

An adverb is a word that adds more information about the place, time, manner, cause, or degree to a verb, an adjective, a phrase, or another adverb

Types of Adverb

  • Adverb of Time.
  • ………of Place.
  • Adverb of Manner.
  • ………of Degree or Quantity.
  • .Adverb of Frequency.
  • ………of Affirmation and Negation.Parts of speech in English
  • ……… of Comment.
  •  Adverb of Conjunction.
  1.  Preposition –अव्यय:-  Parts of speech in English

 a function word that typically combines with a noun phrase to form a phrase that usually expresses a modification or prediction.

Types of preposition

Preposition Type
above position
across position
across direction
after time
against position
against direction
along direction
among position
around position
around direction
at location
at time
away from direction
before time
behind position
below position
beneath position
beside position
between position
by position
by time
down direction
during time
for time
from direction
from time
in position
in location
in time
in front of position
inside position
into direction
near position
next to position
off (of) direction
on position
on location
on time
onto direction
out of direction
outside location
over position
over direction
through position
through direction
till time
to direction
to time
toward(s) direction
under position
under direction
underneath position
until time
up direction
  1.   Conjunction – संयोजक:-

Conjunctions are used to join clauses, phrases, and words together for constructing sentences.

Types of conjunction:-

  • Coordinating Conjunction Words.
  • Subordinating Conjunction Words.
  • Correlative Conjunction Words.
  • Conjunctive Adverbs.
  • We also use the WH question word as a conjunction
  1.   Interjection – विषमेधिबोधक:-  Parts of speech in English

An interjection is a word added to a sentence to convey an emotion or a sentiment such as surprise, disgust, joy, excitement, or enthusiasm

Types of Interjection

  • Interjections for Greeting.
  • ……… for Joy.
  • Interjections for Approval.
  • ……… for Attention.
  • Interjections for Surprise.
  • ……… for Sorrow.
  • Interjections for Understanding/Misunderstanding.

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6 thoughts on “Parts of speech in English”

  1. Hello dear sir.
    Im from Afghanistan.iwant to learn english grammer.plz send me grammer my email.

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