Essay On Mahatma Gandhi

Essay On Mahatma Gandhi

             Essay On Mahatma Gandhi

Table of Contents

This  essay on Mahatma Gandhi is useful for all levels of students


  • 1.  Introduction
  • 2. Early life:
  • 3. South Africa:Essay on Mahatma Gandhi
  • 4. Return to India
  • 5. Conclusion


  Mahatma Gandhi was one of the greatest Indians of all time. He is called the “Father of the Indian Nation”. His original name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was given the title of “Mahatma“, which implies “Great Soul“. People also call him “Bapu” affectionately.

Early life:  Essay On Mahatma Gandhi 

He was born on 2 October 1869 at Porbandar (Gujarat). His father was Karamchand Gandhi, a noble and pious man. Mr. Karamchand was the chief Dewan of the State of Rajkot. His mother was Putlibai, a simple and religious lady. At an early age, Gandhiji was deeply influenced by the religious and pious behavior of her mother.

Gandhiji received his early education and training from such pious parents. He grew up to be deeply religious, truthful, honest, and fearless from his very boyhood. He was married to Kasturba Gandhi in 1883. The wedding took place according to traditional customs.

South Africa:

At the age of 24, Mahatma Gandhi went to South Africa as a lawyer. He had spent twenty-one years in South Africa from 1893 to 1914. As a lawyer, he was mainly employed by Indians staying in South Africa. Mahatma Gandhi found that Indians and other dark-skinned people were the oppressed sections of society. He himself faced discrimination on several occasions. Mahatma Gandhi was once disallowed to travel in first-class and thrown out of the train. He was moved by the poor condition of Indians and decided to fight against injustice. In 1894, he formed the Indian Natal Congress to fight for the civil rights of the Indian community in South Africa.

Return to India:        essay on Mahatma Gandhi

He returned to India in 1915. Later, he was the president of the Indian National Congress. He protested against the misrule of the British Government. Mahatma Gandhi had been associated with several national movements during India’s struggle for independence such as Non-cooperation Movement in 1920, Satyagraha, Quit India Movement in 1942, etc. On several occasions, he was sent to prison. There was wide participation of women in the freedom movements led by Gandhi.

Non-cooperation was his great weapon. The Non-cooperation Movement and non-violent protest against the use of British-made goods by Indians. It was a movement of the masses of India.


He followed the principles of non-violence, truth, and peace throughout his life. Mahatma Gandhi guided his followers and citizens to struggle for freedom, not by using weapons. but by following non-violence peace and truth. He proved that non-violence is more powerful than the sword. Gandhi Ji adopted the principles of satyagraha in the Indian Independence movements.


Gandhi Ji was both a saint and a practical leader of his compatriots. Mahatma Gandhi was a simple, unselfish, and religious person. He did most of his personal jobs on his own. Gandhi Ji fought for the freedom of India through non-violent and peaceful methods. He tried hard to raise the distressed sections of society. He fought against illiteracy. Mahatma Gandhi dreamt of providing mass employment through Charka and Khaddar. He always felt for the poor and untouchable people. He wanted to abolish untouchability from Indian society.

A story about Mahatma Gandhi’s life

I must have been about seven when my father left Porbandar for Rajkot to become a member of the Rajasthanik Court. There I was put into a primary school, and I can well recollect those days, including the names and other particulars of the teachers who taught me. As at Porbandar, so here, there is hardly anything to note about my studies. I could only have been a mediocre student. From this school I went to the suburban school and thence to the high school, having already reached my twelfth year. I do not remember having ever told a lie, during this short period, either to my teachers or to my school-mates, I used to be very shy and avoided all company.

My books and my lessons were my sole companions. To be at school at the stroke of the hour and to run back home as soon as the school closed-that was my daily habit. I literally ran back, because I could not bear to talk to anybody. I was even afraid that anyone should poke fun at me.


There is an incident that occurred at the examination during my first year at the high school and which is worth recording. Mr. Giles, the educational Inspector, had come on a visit of inspection. He had set us five words to write as a spelling exercise. One of the words was ‘Kettle’. I had misspelled it. The teacher tried to prompt me with the point of his boot, but I would not be prompted. It was beyond me to see that he wanted me to copy the spelling from my neighbor’s slate, for I had thought that the teacher was there to supervise us against copying. The result was that all the boys, except myself, were found to have spelled every word correctly. Only I had been stupid. The teacher tried later to bring this stupidity home to me. but without effect. I never could learn the art of ‘copying’.


Yet the incident did not in the least diminish my respect for my teacher. I was by nature, blind to the faults of elders. Later I came to know of many other failings of this teacher, but my regard for him remained the same. For I had learned to carry out the orders of elders, not to scan their actions.

Two other incidents belonging to the same period have always clung to my memory. As a rule, I had a distaste for any reading beyond my school books. The daily lessons had to be done because I disliked being taken to task by my teacher as much as I disliked deceiving him. Therefore I would do the lessons, but often without my mind on them. Thus when even the lessons could not be done properly, there was of course no question of any extra reading.


But somehow my eyes fell on a book purchased by my father. It was Shravana Pitribhakti Nataka (a play about Sharavana’s devotion to his parents). I read it with intense interest. There came to our place about the same time as itinerant showmen. One of the pictures I was shown was of Shravana carrying, by means of slings fitted for his shoulders, his blind parents on a pilgrimage. The book and the picture left an indelible impression on my mind. ‘Here is an example for you to copy,’ I said to myself. The agonized lament of the parents over Shravana’s death is still fresh in my memory. The melting tune moved me deeply, and I played it on a concertina that my father had purchased for me.

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